Australia’s climate ranges from tropical or monsoonal in the far north of the states of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia, to cool and temperate in Tasmania and a mixture of climate in the states in between. Australia is the world's driest continent with an extremely arid interior yet north of the Tropic of Capricorn rainfall during the wet season can result in heavy flooding and cyclones. Australia's temperate regions are in the south including Tasmania and the coastal areas of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. Here we would expect summers which can be 30°C or higher, but in the winter we would expect snow on the highest mountains. Australians need to use caution in the sun by using a high-level sunscreen or sunblock at all times and wearing head covering. It is best to stay out of the sun during the hottest parts of the day. Australian has the highest skin-cancer rate in the world and so there is a high level of focus on protecting our skin from the sun.
The warmest months are December, January and February and the coolest months are June, July and August.